Expand your knowledge of US history with background information about the Chickamauga Cherokee from our Native American historians in Deltona, Florida.
Dragging Canoe was one of the Cherokee tribe's most devoted chiefs. He angrily opposed the terms of the deal in which the Cherokee Nation signed away some of
their valuable land to the whites and received very little in return. He broke away from the Cherokees in 1776, forming an aggressive wing of the tribe known as the
Dragging Canoe was the son of the famous narrator, Chief Attakullakulla. For his headquarters, Dragging Canoe chose the site of an ancient Creek village on the
Chickamauga near present day northeastern Chattanooga, Tennessee. Many well-known chiefs joined him, Chief Ostenaco being among them.
This old Indian had fought side by side with George Washington on the Virginia frontiers and knew him intimately. He knew not only our first President, but also men such as Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry. The Chickamauga feared that the expansion of the United States spelled doom for the Cherokees and believed that by engaging in war they were protecting their
territory the only way they could. After the American Revolution, the majority of Cherokees favored peace and agreed to give up all lands east of the Appalachians.
But a small band of warriors, called 'Chickamauga' were unwilling to accept a truce and moved their families to northeastern Alabama. Fighting continued on both
sides until 1785, with the most stubborn resistance coming from a recalcitrant group of Cherokees who seceded after the Carolina cession in 1777 and established themselves first on Chickamauga Creek and later on the Lower Tennessee River. These diehards became known as 'The Chickamauga of the Five Lower Towns.